Learn about “wars of the cross” or the crusades led by Christian world against Muslims between the XI and XIV centuries. Find out why medieval knights went to recover the Holy Land. Learn also about Islamic, Byzantium, and European cultures and people. The sites include authentic paintings, contemporary photographs and images, timeline of seven crusades, and maps. There are links to eThemes Resources on medieval castles, knights, and feudalism.
ThinkQuest: Medieval Times
Here is a short overview on the crusades, how long they lasted, their reasons, and goals.
Learn about the beginning of the crusades and their heritage. NOTE: The site includes pop-up and banner ads.
This site is dedicated to medieval crusades. Learn how the first crusade began, what countries and people were involved. NOTE: The site leads to websites with ads.
Catholic Encyclopedia: Crusades
This page has extensive information on the four crusades. Find out about the people and countries involved in conflicts. Includes maps and images. NOTE: The site includes ads.
This web site has all-embracing articles about the crusades, European and Islam cultures of that period. Select the "Index of All Lectures" to advance on the page with links to the crusades and an overview of countries involved in holy wars. Select the "Timelines", "Maps", and "Images" links in the "Supplemental Resources" section of the main page to learn what, when, and where various events took place. The site is illustrated with authentic images and contemporary photographs.
ThinkQuest: Crusades Headquarters
View the history of the crusades in respect to Muslims and Christians.
Islamic History in Arabia and Middle East
Look at the crusades, their accomplishments, and outcomes from an Arabic point of view.
Hanover Historical Texts Project
Read the "Medieval Europe" section of the page and read letters from crusaders written centuries ago from the war fields.
Medieval Sourcebook: Maps
There are a number of maps of four crusades, boundaries of Byzantium, Europe, and Islam. Scroll down the page to explore links in the "Crusades" section.
Jerusalem: Islam's Stake
Read this article and learn the history of Jerusalem and how life there differed during Byzantium and Muslim ruling. Click on the "Interactive Map" link to view map and images of the currently reconstructing city.
eThemes Resource: Medieval Feudalism
Explore these sites and learn what it was like to live during the Middle Ages. Topics include serfs, kings, monasteries, and more.
eThemes Resource: Medieval Knights
These sites are about the knights from the Middle Ages or the Medieval period. Covers the topics of heraldry and chivalry. Includes photographs of armor and weapons used by knights.
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