Math: Visual Arts for Junior and High School
These websites are about the importance of math to the visual arts. There are many lesson plans and activities where students can create artwork based on mathematical concepts such as pattern, symetry, geometry, and perspective. Included is an eThemes resource on Geometry for Junior and High School.
The Art Institute of Chicago: What is perspective?
Learn about perspective, its art-historical context, unusual types of perspective, how it is used in nature, and how it applies to modern art. NOTE: The reading level is for older students.
Khan Academy: Smart History: Linear Perspective: Brunelleschi's Experiment
Watch this video or read the article and learn how Brunelleschi rediscovered linear perspective during the Renaissance period. Click on the "Early Applications of Linear Perspective" link under "Brunelleschi" in the sidebar on the left-hand side of the page to see how this discovery was used. NOTE: This site includes a link to a discussion board.
The Renaissance Connection: Lesson Plan: Discovering Linear Perspective
Teach students about the history of linear perspective and its application in art with this lesson plan.
Art: Packing Three Dimensions in to Two
See how three-dimensional space is depicted on a two-dimensional surface. Scroll down to "Art: Packing Three Dimensions into Two" and then click on "Read More" to view the lesson. This printer-friendly page explains the mathematics of linear perspective.
This page explains how to use mathematics to create precise perspective drawings. Includes many illustrated examples and formulas.
The Mathematical Art of M. C. Escher
This page has a biography of M. C. Escher and many examples of his mathematically based artwork.
Harmony and Proportion
This website provides an introduction to harmony and proportion in space, music, and mathematics. NOTE: This site includes ads. Reading level is for older students.
Symmetric Patterns at the Alhambra: With Math Problems
Read about the Alhambra, a fortress in Spain built by an Islamic sultan, and see the mathematically-patterned tile work for which this site is famous. Each pattern includes questions for students to answer.
Lesson Plan: Algebra Tiles
This 17-page PDF file contains a project lesson plan for teaching algebraic concepts using color harmonies and geometric design. Includes directions for the teacher and student handouts.
Introduction to Wallpaper Patterns
This page introduces the concept of plane or wallpaper patterns and includes illustrations and definitions.
This site allows you to draw symmetrical patterns based on the 17 wallpaper groups, as well as friezes and rosettes. NOTE: This interactive feature requires a Java-enabled browser.
Symmetry and the Shape of Space
Explore this site for explanations of the geometric principles behind pattern and symmetry. These pages contain many illustrated examples, exercises, and thoerems. Click on the "Next" link at the bottom of each page to advance to the next page.
eThemes Resource: Math: Geometry for Junior and High School
These sites have information on geometry for junior high and high school students. There are several interactive sites that allow the manipulation of geometric shapes. Also includes hands-on classroom activities and online quizzes. There are examples on how geometry is used in the real world such as geometric shapes in buildings and orienteering. There are links to eThemes Resources on mathematics in everyday uses and bridge construction.