Themes by Topic

Illinois 16 Understand events, trends, individuals and movements shaping the history of Illinois, the United States and other nations.

16.11.42 Understand significant aspects of World War II (e.g., failure of the policy of appeasement; major battles at Midway, Normandy, Stalingrad, Kursk, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, and the Battle of the Bulge; turning points of the war and reason for Allied victory; key political leaders of the Allies and Axis powers, including Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, Adolf Hitler, and Joseph Stalin; characteristics of the European, African, and Pacific theaters of battle; role and sacrifices of individual American soldiers, as well as the unique contributions of military special forces such as Tuskegee Airmen and Navajo Code talkers; the human cost of the war; the decision to drop the atomic bombs and the consequences of this decision).