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Writing: Text Structures
These sites explain the different types of text structures that are used in expository writing. The text structures include chronological sequence, comparison/contrast, description, problem/solution, and cause and effect. Read examples of the different types, learn about the common cue words, and download graphic organizers. Includes many teaching tips for improving reading comprehension and lesson plans for incorporating the different text structures into your curriculum. There is a link to an eThemes Resource on graphic organizers.
Build your students' understanding of compare and contrast by participating in class discussions, using Internet resources, working collaboratively, and by visually representing information in a Venn diagram.
This two-page PDF provides a resource for the different text structures for expository writing. It includes definition, signal worlds, graphic organizers, summary questions and paragraph frames for each text structure.
This 57-page PDF is a scholarly study which reviews the literature on text organization and how it affects reading comprehension. One item discussed is the use of graphic organizers in helping students of different abilities better understand reading material.
This article discusses student and text factors that make comprehension of informational text difficult for students. Scroll down for ideas on helping students become more familiar with text structures.
These sites have printable and interactive graphic organizers to be used in the classroom. Includes KWL charts, webs, clusters, timelines, outlines, fish diagrams, story maps, comparing charts, cause and effect charts, and more. Some sites explain how and why to use graphic organizers in the classroom.