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Writing: Text Structures

These sites explain the different types of text structures that are used in expository writing. The text structures include chronological sequence, comparison/contrast, description, problem/solution, and cause and effect. Read examples of the different types, learn about the common cue words, and download graphic organizers. Includes many teaching tips for improving reading comprehension and lesson plans for incorporating the different text structures into your curriculum. There is a link to an eThemes Resource on graphic organizers.


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Use this presentation material to help teach text structure.
Build your students' understanding of compare and contrast by participating in class discussions, using Internet resources, working collaboratively, and by visually representing information in a Venn diagram.
Use the circle plot diagram as a postreading organizer to explore the text structures in a book.
Explore the nature and structure of expository texts that focus on cause and effect. Using graphic organizers and write paragraphs to outline cause and effect relationships.
Use this one page PDF to help your student's organize their expository writing.
Use these paragraphs as examples of various text structures.
Use these graphic organizers to help students understand the different text structures for expository writing.
This one-page PDF contains signal questions and signal words for the various text structures.
This two-page PDF provides a resource for the different text structures for expository writing. It includes definition, signal worlds, graphic organizers, summary questions and paragraph frames for each text structure.
Use these sample paragraph frames for each type of text structure used in expository writing.
This 57-page PDF is a scholarly study which reviews the literature on text organization and how it affects reading comprehension. One item discussed is the use of graphic organizers in helping students of different abilities better understand reading material.
Read a news story written for kids that uses the structure of cause and effect.
This page offers suggested books for teaching students the concept of comparison. Includes examples of a Venn diagram, data chart, and analogy.
This article discusses student and text factors that make comprehension of informational text difficult for students. Scroll down for ideas on helping students become more familiar with text structures.
These sites have printable and interactive graphic organizers to be used in the classroom. Includes KWL charts, webs, clusters, timelines, outlines, fish diagrams, story maps, comparing charts, cause and effect charts, and more. Some sites explain how and why to use graphic organizers in the classroom.

Education Standards


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