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Africa: Imperialism and Colonialism

These sites contain information on colonial Africa. There are maps, photographs, and other primary source documents, as well as essays and interviews with contemporary authors and experts. Students can explore the historical background for literary works dealing with this setting, such as “Heart of Darkness” by Joseph Conrad. Included are eThemes resources on South Africa, Rwanda, the African Continent, and the slave trade.


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This article looks at how imperialism is playing out in modern-day Africa.
This website explores imperialism and colonialism; it includes links to imperialism resources, British imperialism, the New Imperialism, and the White Man's Burden.
This resource explores the colonization of Africa; specifically including the following topics: Introduction, The Scramble for Africa, The African Resistance, A Period of Change, Colonial Domination: Indirect Rule, and Colonial Domination: Assimilation.
Here is a map of the extent of European colonialism in Africa from 1840-1914 that can be printed out and labeled.
Look at a map of colonial Africa in 1914 showing political boundaries.
Read a short article about the "Scramble for Africa" and explore the links below to find out more.
This site tells about West Africa and its involvement with the slave trade. Read diary entries of Africans as they reflect on the slave trade in their countries.
This site examines the history of Portuguese exploration in Western Africa and the roots of the European slave trade. Click on the links to see contemporary illustrations and read further details, or browse the Resource Bank to see historical documents or read interview excerpts with modern experts.
Read these articles about the history of the Central African Kingdoms, and then listen to the audio clips about the coming of the Portuguese.
Read these articles and listen to the audio clips about European colonialism in Africa from 1800-1914.
On this site students can learn about the lasting effects of colonialism on Africa. Read the articles to learn about French and British colonial styles or view case studies of how several different African nations achieved independence. Includes audio clips.
Here are several resource links about the rise of the British Empire in Africa.
In this online exhibition, you can see images of central Africa from 1885-1960 and read the accompanying essays.
Here you can see a movie about the scientific exploration of the Congo by Lang and Chapin that occurred in the early twentieth century.
This is an exhibit of maps and travel narratives that illustrates most of the major phases in the European exploration of Africa, from the late fifteenth to the late nineteenth century.
Read a biography of William Sheppard, the "Black Livingstone" who spent two decades in the Belgian Congo as a missionary. NOTE: The site includes ads and sponsored links.
In 1898, Britain and France almost went to war over territory in the Sudan. Read about the crisis, here, and explore the links below to learn more about European colonization.
This site contains information that can help students gain a better understanding of the classic novel. Included are an author's biography, descriptions of significant characters, and a quiz.
This page contains an index of lesson plans, resources, and activity ideas for teaching Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness. NOTE: This site links to sites with message boards.
This page contains biographical and background information on Joseph Conrad, including a chronology and analytical essays.
This site has an interview with author Wole Soyinka and links to additional resources.
Find out about the historical past and present of South Africa. Learn how Great Britain established and developed colonies on the continent. Discover what relationships were established among Boers, British, Afrikaners and native tribes. Find out about gold and diamond mines, wars, apartheid, and riots in the country. Learn biographies of Nelson Mandela, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, P.W. Botha, and Cecil Rhodes. Includes photographs, video, and audio files. There are links to eThemes Resources on the African continent and history and culture of Africa.
These sites are about the country of Rwanda, with special attention paid to the civil war and 1994 genocide of the Tutsi population. Here you will find interviews with individuals who were involved with the events, audio and video files, and primary source documents. There are also general facts about the country and current news. Included are eThemes resources about Africa, and an eThemes resource on the Holocaust.
These sites are about the history and culture of early Africa. Learn about the different tribes and their lifestyles. Includes timelines, maps, activities, and photographs, plus eThemes Resources on Adinkra Cloths of Africa and East African Culture and Language.
These sites provide information on the slave trade that involved the United States and Africa. See maps of the sailing routes and read first-hand accounts of slave life. Take part in a simulated slave auction. There are links to eThemes Resources on slavery during the Civil War, the Emancipation Proclamation, and the Underground Railroad.

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